classical instrument

Top Classical Musical Instruments

Top Classical Musical Instruments

Classical Music is a art of music.We all know, Music has no language, but its a form of expression, and sound which can be felt or directly connected by heart and enjoyed even by those who do not understand the lyrics. These musical instruments are used in Hindustani styles of Indian classical music. Music is a part  of life and a beautiful way of make enjoying life better.


Tanpura  is a long-necked plucked string instrument .It is found in various form in the Indian music. Tanpura is known as the “mother of all instruments”, the tanpura is used to accompany most Indian classical music. Tanpura keeps the voice fully to the pitch.Its powerfull resonant drone helps in creating the environment which sounds as a overture to the performance. Its sound is very wonderfull. Tanpura is made of aged wood.


The shehnai is an wind instrument which is thought to bring promising and good luck, It is  bascially widely used in North India for marriages and processions.The shehnai was created by upgrade upon the pungi. The shennai name derives or comes out from the combination of the Persian words shah, meaning “king”, and nai, meaning “flute”, to give the combination meaning is “the king’s flute”. It is used in marriages and its sound is very good and attractive.


Veena is a plucked stringed and classical instrument used in Carnatic music. The veena is very old instrument and has been generally replaced with the Sitra in north Indian performance.The South Indian or Saraswati veena was developed in the 1600s, and the our goddess saraswati is carried in her hand.The musician stops the resonating strings, when so desired and it is played by the fingers of the free hand. The goddess of learning and arts, Saraswati, is often represent seated upon a swan or peacock playing a veena.


Tabla is used in the classical music and played with finger tips and with open palms and it can reproduce all the tangled rhythmic patterns of the voice and instrument. Tabla is the instruments of the Heart chakra, the Anahata. The great Ustad Zakir Hussain is today appreciated as an international phenomenon.A classical tabla master of the highest order, whose art has not only established him as a national valuable in his own country, India, but gained him worldwide fame.


The Pakhawaja  is also called Mridang is an Indian barrel-shaped, it have two-headed druma variant and descendant of the older mridang. It is the standard smash instrument in the dhrupad style and is widely used as an background for various forms of music and dance performances. Pakhwaj is an antique instrument. This instrument was very famous in the middle ages when it used to accompany Dhrupad singers.  It’s concurrent name is thought to have been derived from a Awaj, which was a type of drum used during the Moghul period.


The bansuri, the instrument of the Vishuddhi chakra, is a transverse alto flute of India, made of a single length of bamboo with six or seven open finger holes. An ancient musical instrument associated with cowherds and the pastoral tradition, it is intimately linked to the love story of Krishna and Radha, lord krishna always used to play bansuri and its sound is very attractive Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia is popular worldwide for his expertise in the Bansuri.


The sitar is a plucked stringed instrument. The Sitar is derived from the Veena family of Indian musical instruments, and the Persian Setar, which is from the saz family of instruments.The instrument is believed to have been derived from the veena, an ancient Indian instrument.the sitar became popularly known in the wider world through the works of Ravi Shankar, beginning in the late 1950s and 1960s.


Sarangi  is most similar to the human voice. It can create every technique of sound.  The invention of all musical instruments played with a bow are believed to be connected with the demon king Ravana.  Many folk instruments are similar to the Sarangi.  In Sanskrit literary work such as the Sangeet Ratnakar, Natya Shastra and Sangeet Darban, we can see names such as Saranga, Sarangi and Saranveena.  The Sarang-Veena could be one of the Veenas mentioned in Bharat’s, Natya Shastra.